Types of Solvents Used in Industries and their Differences
The reason why there are so many different industrial cleaning products out there is because each one of them is manufactured for a certain purpose or use. There’s no denying that solvents are one of the most commonly used cleaning products for industrial scale cleaning. Well, even cleaning solvents are classified into different kinds or types. The three primary types of cleaning solvent are oxygenated, hydrocarbon, and halogenated. If you’re in the market looking for the right cleaning solvent to use for your specific industry, you must first learn the characteristics of these three.
1 – Oxygenated Solvent
This specific type of solvent is produced by distilling components from chemicals. The key to a successful production of this solvent is figuring out the right balance and consistency of the ingredients. The main characteristic of an oxygenated solvent is its remarkably high level of purity, thanks to the meticulous solvent refinement process. For the most part, excess water as well as the littlest signs of particulate matter are removed. There are numerous industrial cleaning supplies such as ketones, glycol ethers, and alcohol that belong to this category.
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2 – Hydrocarbon Type of Solvents
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The next type of industrial solvent called hydrocarbon solvents contain what their names say, which is special hydrocarbons. Because of its natural composition, this industrial solvent is best used for a wide range of cleaning functions. This solvent is also a little more complex to produce compared to oxygenated solvents. The complexity is apparent in some of its characteristics, including aromatic quality, solute composition, color, and flashpoint. By far, the most common examples of hydrocarbon solvents are turpentine, petroleum ether, and benzene. However, if you plan on using hydrocarbon solvents one day, you have to dig in a little deeper on the possible harmful effects and danger because some of them are infamously hazardous like benzene, which actually emits hazardous air pollutants.
3 – Halogenated Solvents
While halogenated solvents are still classified as hydrocarbon, they’re difference in a way that they have been subjected to chlorinating process. In terms of quality, solvents that underwent halogenation formulations are more pungent. They’re also very effective as the previous two we discussed. The most commonly used halogenated solvents are chlorobenzene, dichloromethane, and trichloroethylene. But then again, the fact that halogenated solvents are still hydrocarbon, it means they potentially could emit HAPs.
At the end of the day, the type of industrial solvent you’ll be using depends primarily on what industry you belong. Of course, you also have to factor in the specific use of the solvent. It’s also important to choose solvents for cleaning that don’t emit anything harmful to the environment.